Crevicular IgG antibodies and recovery of locally implanted Streptococcus mutans in humans.

Abstract

This study was undertaken with the aim of examining the effect of highly different IgG antibody activities in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) on the elimination of a streptomycin-resistant strain of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) topically implanted on the tooth. Two groups of people were selected for the study, one with high and one with low specific IgG antibody activity (IgG antibody activity against S. mutans) in GCF. During an experimental period of 15 d the specific IgG antibody activity in GCF in the same individual stayed on a relatively constant level. Between individuals, however, the specific IgG antibody activity varied considerably. The number of indigenous mutans streptococci and the number of implanted bacteria on the same tooth surface were strongly correlated. The implanted S. mutans strain was rapidly eliminated in all subjects. No difference in the elimination of the implanted strain of S. mutans could be demonstrated between the groups of high and low specific IgG antibody activity.

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